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povezave - neevropske filozofije

OdgovorNapisal/-a Hinko_Gnito » 26.11.08 17:26:26

ANCIENT MIDDLE EAST:

PHILOSOPHY RECORDINGS OF MESOPOTAMIA


»The Epic of Gilgamesh«, c. 2750-2500:
@ ancienttexts.org,
@ Encyclopedia of Orient

»Enuma elish«:
@ sacred-texts.com,
@ LookLex Encyclopaedia,
@ Encyclopedia of Orient

Hammurabi, 18th.cent.BCE:
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ LookLex Encyclopaedia


PHILOSOPHY RECORDINGS OF EGYPT:
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Sacred Texts

Ptahhotep, 24th.cent.BCE:
@ Humanistic Texts

»The Egyptian Book of the Dead«, 1240 BC:
@ ancienttexts.org,
@ LookLex Encyclopaedia,
@ Encyclopedia of Orient

Amenemope, 1100:
@ Humanistic Texts


PHILOSOPHY RECORDINGS OF OLD ISRAEL:


PHILOSOPHY RECORDINGS OF PERSIA

Slika
Zarathustra (Zoroastres), c.630-c.550:
@ Sacred Texts,
@ New Religious Movements,
@ LookLex Encyclopaedia,
@ Encyclopedia of Orient,
@ Wikipedia

Cyrus the Great, c.600-530 BCE, {king of Persia, promotor of religious tolerance and freedom}:
@ Wikipedia

Mani, c.216-76, {radical dualist, influenced by Mazdaism, Cristhianity and Buddhism, death by crucifiction}:
@ fsmitha.com,
@ New Advent,
@ Encyclopedia of Orient,
@ Wikipedia

Mazdak, 6th.cent.{Zoroastrian high priest, proponent of communism}:
@ Wikipedia

»Avesta«:
@ Encyclopedia of Orient,
@ LookLex Encyclopaedia,
@ New Advent
Zadnjič spremenil Hinko_Gnito, dne 07.01.09 22:10:25, skupaj popravljeno 2 krat.

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OdgovorNapisal/-a Hinko_Gnito » 26.11.08 17:27:23

INDIAN PHILOSOPHY:
@ Ontology. A Resource Guide for Philosophers

1. VEDA {Brahmans turff}:

------ »Rig-Veda«Knowledge of Verses«, contains hymns, prayers and other holy stuff}:
@ Wikipedia
------------------ Seven rishis of Rig-Veda:
@ Wikipedia

------ »Sama-Veda«Knowledge of Sacred Songs«}:
@ Wikipedia

------ »Yajur-Veda« {»Knowledge of Rite Spells«, in two version White Yajur-Veda and Black Yajur-Veda}:
@ Wikipedia

------ »Atharva-Veda« {handybook for magicians}:
@ Wikipedia


(RISHI), {Vedic composers of hymns}:
@ Wikipedia




SUPPLEMENTARY WRITINGS OF FOUR VEDAS:

------- »Samithas«, 1700-1200 BCE, {the oldest chants of oral tradition are found in »Rig-Veda Samithas«}: *
----------------- 1st Book of Rig-Veda Samithas: Hymn 164
----------------- 2nd Book of Rig-Veda Samithas: Hymn 1 and 12
----------------- 5th Book of Rig-Veda Samithas: Hymn 3 and 83
----------------- 10th Book of Rig-Veda Samithas: Hymn 71, 72, 81, 82, 85, 90, 121, 125, 129Nasadasiya« (On Begining)} and 190


------ »Brahmanas«, 1200-900 BCE, {prose commentaries for each of four Vedas and ritual applications for Samithas} *

------ »Aranyakas«, 600-500 BCE, {younger part of »Brahmanas« for magic use by foresters, link between ritualistic Brahmanas and more contemplative Upanishads
}:
@ Wikipedia,
@ Hindunet

------ »Upanishads«, from 900BCE to 1100AD {conclusive part of »Brahmanas« with philosophy relevant stuff} :arrow: down below





2. UPANISHADIC PERIOD AND RISE OF BUDDHISM

History Philosophy Informative:
400BCE: split in Buddhism between MAHASANGHIKAS (peoples way) and STHAVIRAS (''way of the Elder'', or in Pali ''Theravadins'')



:arrow: The Upanishads, from 900 BC to as late to 1100 AD:
@ sacred-texts.com

Pre-Buddhist Upanishads of WhiteYajur-Veda«, earliest Vedanta philosophy texts:

»Brihadaranyaka Upanishad«, 7/6th cent.BCE, {the eldest Upanishad, part of »Shatapatha brahmana« in White Yajur-Veda, ascribed to Yajnavalkya}:
@ Wikipedia

Prosopopeic figures (rishis) in »Brihadaranyaka Upanishad«:

-------Yajnavalkya of Mithila, c.800C, {Vedic sage, major figure in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, specialized for 'ATMAN'}:
@ Wikipedia

------- Slika Maitreyi, c. 800, {Vedic sagess, wife of Yajnavalkya, figure in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad}:
@ Women Philosophers,
@ Wikipedia

------- Slika Gargi Vachaknavi, , {Vedic sagess, figure in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad}:
@ Women Philosophers,
@ Wikipedia

-------Janaka of Videha, , {learned Kshatria king, figure in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad}:
@ Wikipedia

Uddalaka Aruni, , {Vedic sage, figure in Chandogya Upanishad and Brihadaranyaka -------Upanishad} *

»Chandogya Upanishad«, 7/6th cent.BCE, {part of Sama-Veda, rishis: Raikva, Uddalaka, Shvetaketu, Sanatkumara, Narada, Indra, Prajapati}:
@ Wikipedia

----- Chan. Up., VIII-11: dialogue between Indra and Prajapati, sceptic view of 'Atman':
@ Hinduism Suite101

------------------------------------------------

Kanada, c. 600 BCE, {legendary sage founder of Vaisheshika}:
@ Wikipedia

Carvaka, 6.cent.:
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Wikipedia

Buddha (Gautama Siddhartha, Shakyamuni), c.563-c.483, {Buddhism or how to overcome the karmic determinism}:
@ New Religious Movements,
@ Bartleby Bookstore,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Lucidcafé Library,
@ Wikipedia

Vardhamana Jnatiputra (Mahavira), c.540-c.468:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Sacred Texts,
@ Nyaya Forum,
@ New Religious Movements,
@ dalsabzi.com,
@ Mathematics University of St Andrews,
@ Wikipedia

Makkhali Gosala,6/5th.cent.BC, {extreme karma fatalism, anti-Buddhist, founder of AJIVIKA religion, lasted down to 900AD}:
@ Wikipedia

Sanjaya Belatthaputta, 6th.cent, {sceptic, negate the existence of Brahma}:
@ Wikipedia

Purana Kashyapa, 6th.cent, {disputed with Mahavira and Makkhali Gosala, denied karma and morality}:
@ Wikipedia

Pakhuda Kaccayana, 6th.cent., {Lokayata materialist, disputed by Buddha, denied karma, } *

Ajita Keshakambala, , {Lokayata materialist} *

Payasi, , {Lokayata materialist} *

Sariputra, ,{Buddha's major disciple No.1}:
@ Wikipedia

Maudgalyayana, , {Buddha's major disciple No.2}:
@ Wikipedia

Kautilya, 4th.cent.BCE, {offten compared with Machiavelli, one of authors of the »Arthasastra«}:
@ sscnet.ucla.edu,
@ fordham.edu,
@ Wikipedia

(Panini), 4th.cent., {Sanskrit grammarian, w. »Astadhyayi« (Eight Chapters)}:
@ Panini Survey,
@ Mathematics University of St Andrews,
@ Evans-Experientialism,
@ Wikipedia


-------------------------------

MIDDLE UPANISHADS:

»Aitareya Upanishad«, , {short Rig-Veda Upanishad, about 'atman', rishi: Aitereya Mahidasa}:
Bharatadesam

»Taittiriya Upanishad«, , {more ritual Upanishad of Black Yajur-Veda}:
@ Sacred Texts,
@ Bharatadesam

»Kaushitaki Upanishad«, , {Rig-Veda Upanishad}:
@ Hindu Web Site

»Kena Upanishad«, , {Sama-Veda Upanishad about the truth of Brahman in relation to nature and Man, rishis: Indra, Slika Uma}:
@ Bharatadesam

»Maitrayaniya Upanishad«, , {part of Black Yajur-Veda with samkhya and yoga influence}:
@ Wikipedia

»Mundaka Upanishad«, , {Atharva-Veda Upanishad, about Brahman and knowledge of It}:
@ Sacred Texts,
@ Bharatadesam

»Mandukya Upanishad«, , {Atharva-Veda Upanishad, about AUM, it's one of the most praised Upanishads}:
@ Bharatadesam (with Gaudapada's commentary)

»Katha Upanishad«, , {BlackYajur-Veda Upanishad, about seekers of wisdom with samkhya and yoga influence}:
@ Sacred Texts

»Prashna Upanishad«, , {Atharva-Veda Upanishad, on six eternal questions, rishi: Pippalada}:
@ Bharatadesam

»Shvetashvatara Upanishad«, , {BlackYajur-Veda Upanishad, proto-Shaivite text}:
@ Bharatadesam,

-------------------------------

3. BUDDHIST INTELECTUAL DOMINATION, ABHIDHARMIKA SHOLASTICISM

History Philosophy Informative:
300-100BCE: Jaina split into two barnches: traditionalist Digambaras and moderate Shvetambaras;



VETULYAKAS, 4th/3rd. cent., {proto-Mahayana Buddhist sect, anti-substantialists, ''Things are empty'', influence on Nagarjuna} *

THERAVADINS, 3rd. cent?, {hardcore Hinayana Buddhist movement, up to now} *

PUDGALAVADINS, 3rd.cent.?, {Reformed minor Buddhist sect – problem to classify, claimed that soul exists, ended around 1200}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia

Moggaliputta-tissa, f.a.250BCE, {anti-Pudgalavadin} *

UTTARAPATHAKAS, 3rd.cent., {proto-Mahayana Buddhist sect} *

ANDHAKAS, 3rd.cent., {proto-Mahayana Buddhist sect, problem to classify} *

LOKOTTARAVADINS, 3rd.cent., {proto-Mahayana Buddhist sect, historical Buddha only as appearence, trans-historical Buddhas also exist … not!} *

Dharmaraksita, 3rd.cent.BCE:
@ Wikipedia

(emperor Ashoka), 273-232, {influential pro-Buddhist ruler}:
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Wikipedia

KASHYAPIAS, 3rd.cent., {proto-Hinayana Buddhist sect, philosophy of time: there exists only relevant parts of past and future} *

»Abhidhamma Pitaka«, 3rd.centBCE, {or »Pali Canon«, early Buddhist Theravadin text in Pali full of psychological views on buddhist ethics, in last form edited by Buddhaghosa}:
---------- »Dhammasangani« {on elements of existence};
---------- »Vibhanga« {classification of psychological relevant terms used in Buddhism};
---------- »Dhatukatha« {discourse on elements};
---------- »Puggalapannatti« {classifications of psychological types};
---------- »Kathavatthu« {central book of Pali Canon, on main three controversies in Buddhism};
---------- »Yamaka« {'Yes and No' quick learner for quick use};
---------- »Patthana« {on causality of dharmas}

Patanjali, 2nd.cent. BC, {Sanskirt grammarian}:
@ Wikipedia

Aksapada Gautama, 2nd.cent.BCE:
@ Wikipedia

»Mimamsa sutra«, 2nd.cent. *

»Brahma sutra«, 2nd.cen. *

SARVASTIVADINS, 2nd.cent.?, {proto-Hinayana Buddhist pro-realist philosophers sect, later influence on Hinayana, »everything-exists theorists«, 'everything' – including past and future} *

SAUTRANTIKAS, end of 2nd.cent, {proto-Hinayana pro-nominalist 7th Buddhist Schism from Sarvastivadins, ''Return to sutras''} *

»Pali Canon«, 1st.cent, {Southern Buddhist Canon of literature, compiled since Ashoka}*

Tiruvalluvar, 1st.cent.BCE???????, {Tamil Hindu mystic}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Humanistic Texts

MAHAYANA, {formed from theological and philsophical inovations mainly of Mahasanghika sects, massive engagement of world intervening Bodhisattvas outside monasteries} *

1BCE
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1CE

»Mahabharata«, 1st. cent?, {proto-Samkhyan text}*

-----»Bhagavadgita«, {portion of the epic »Mahabharata«, proto-Samkhyan text, it contains some of pro-Parmedian hardcore Samkhya thesis in Krishna's speech 2.16}:
@ Bartleby Bookstore,
@ Poet Seers,
@ Humanistic Texts

----- »Mokshadharma«, {portion of the epic »Mahabharata«} *

»Prajnaparamita sutras«, 1st.cent.?, {prajna=wisdom, more Buddhist compilation of Buddhavacana texts} *

»Isha Upanishad«, 1st. cent., {short White Yajur-Veda Upanishad about Supreme Being/Isha, parallel with Parmenides and Heraclitus}:
@ Sacred Texts

»Ramayana«, 1st. cent? *

»Shasti tantra«, 1st. cent? {Samkhya text} *

Jaimini, c.50AD, {founder of Mimamsa school, w. »Mimamsa sutra«}:
@ Wikipedia

»Nyaya sutras«, {appeared aroud 100AD, textbooks of debating tactics} *

»Vaisheshika sutras«, appeared aroud 100AD, textbook on atomism and elements} *


BUDDHIST SCHOOLS FROM 100-400AD:

------- ABHIDARMA {in general:Sarvastivadins, Sautrantikans, Madhyamaka, …} *

MAHAJANA develops in:

---------------- MADHYAMAKA {'The Middle Doctrine'} *

---------------- YOGACARA *


Ashvagosha, 2nd.cent, {1st named individual philosopher in Buddhism, also epic poet, middle path between Sarvastivadins and Sautranitikas} *

»Saddharmapundarika Sutra«, 1st/2nd cent., {also '»Lotus sutra«, main Buddhist compilation of Mahayana Buddhavacana texts} *

»Vimalakirti sutra«, {more Buddhist compilation of Buddhavacana texts} *

»Manu Smriti«The Laws of Manu, became obligatory law text of Hindu castes only during British empire}:
@ Wikipedia

»Yajnavalkya Smriti« {»The Laws of Yajnavalkya«} *

----------------
Slika
Acharya Nagarjuna, c.150-200, {Madhyamaka-Mahayana Buddhist, radicalization of Ashvagosha, claimed emptiness-shunjata of all things, mega-sceptical radical anti-substantialism, but still form of menatlism}:
@ Nagarjuna Institute,
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Nyaya Forum,
@ Yogacara Network
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Panchashikha, f.a. 200, {Samkhya} *

Shabarasvamin, f.a. 200, {Mimamsaka} *

Aryadeva, 175-275:
@ Wikipedia

»Lankavatara sutra« {more Buddhist compilation of Buddhavacana texts} *

»Samadhinirmocana sutra«, 3/4th. cent, {»Elucidating the Hidden Connections«, classic Yogasutra text} *

Varshaganya, early 4th.cent, {Samkhya} *

Maitreyanatha, 4th.cent, {Yogacara meditator, mythical figure?} *

Asanga, 4th.cent, {Yogacara meditator, w. »Yogacarabhumishastra« (Treatise on the Stages of Yoga Practice)}:
@ Wikipedia

Umasvati, 4th.cent, {Jaina ph., compiled »Jaina sutras«} *

Kunda Kunda, 4th.cent, {Janina ph.}*

(Kumarajiva), c.343-c.413, {Mahayana Buddhist scholar and translator from Sanskrit into Chinese}:
@ Wikipedia

(Kalidasa), c.350-c.430, {Indian poet and dramatist, w. play w. »The Recognition of Sakuntala«}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Poet Seers,
@ Wikipedia

Vasubandhu I, 4th.cent., {Sarvastivadin Buddhist ph., w. »Abhidharma-koœa« (The Compendium of Abhidharma)}:
@ Wikipedia

Vindhyavasin, 4th.cent., {Hindu Samkhya, contra Sarvastivadin Buddhist} *

Buddhaghosa, 5th.cent., {Sri Lankan syncretic Theravada scholar, compiled commentaries on the Tipitaka, w. »Visuddhimagga« (The Path of Purification)}:
@ Wikipedia




4. HINDU CHALLENGE OF BUDDHISM, PERIOD OF SIX DARSHANAS


SIX DARSHANAS

------- NYAYA {logic and epistemology} *

------- VAISHESHIKA {atomic pluralism} *

------- MIMAMSA {ultra conservative Vedanta commentators, Brahman reasoned through tradition, pragmatic and anti-mystical} *

------- SAMKHYA {pluralist idealism} *

------- ADVAITA VEDANTA {monist idealism} *

------- YOGA *


Isvarakrsna, c.350-c.450, {Samkhya, contra Buddhist and Vaisheshikan, w. »Sankhyakarika«}:
@ Wikipedia

Aksapada Gautama, 5th.cent., {Naiyayika, founder of Nyāya School, w. »Nyaya sutra«}:
@ algebra.com

Sanghabhadra, 5th.cent, {Sarvastivadin Buddhist ph.} *

Rahulabhadra, ?, {Madhyamaka Buddhist} *

Vasubandhu II, c.400-80, {Yogacara Buddhist school, cosmoloist and epistemological realist of syntetisized Sarvastivadin-Sautrantikan Hinayana, influence on Dignaga and Dharmakirti, w. »Vimshatikakarikavrtti« (Twenty-Verse Treatise), »Trimshikakarikavrtti« (Thirty-Verse Treatise)}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia

Vatsyayana, 5th.cent., {Naiyayika commentator on Askapada Gautama, anti-Mimamsa, w. »Nyayabhashya« (commentary of »Nyayasutra«} *

--------------------
Bhartrihari, 5th.cent., {grammarian and language-worshipper, language as manifestation of Brahman, w. »Vākyapadīya« (Treatise on Sentences and Words}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Language in India,
@ Wikipedia

(Kumaragupta), ???-(r.415?)-445, {Gupta emperor, established Buddhist college at Nalanda}*

Prashastapada, f.c. 500, {Vaisheshika atomist ph.} *

»Yoga sutras«, a. 500, {eclectic Hindu text, contains some Samkhya metaphysics} *

Dignaga, c.480-c.540, {Hinayana Buddhist logician, antirealist epistemologist and Nyaya critic, 'words take their meaning by marking differences form one another', w. »Pramanasamuccaya« (On Knowledge )}:
@ Nyaya Forum,
@ Yogacara Network
@ Wikipedia,
@ Die Philosophie Lexikon

Buddhapalita, 6th.cent, {Madhyamaka Buddhist} *

Uddyotakara, 6th.cent., {Naiyayika commentator on Askapada Gautama, epistemological realist, Dignaga critic, w. »Nyāyavārttika« (commentary on »Nyayasutra« }:
@ Yogacara Network

Sthiramati, 6th.cent, {Sarvastivadin, Yogacara Buddhist} *

Vasumitra, 6th.cent, {Sarvastivadin Buddhist} *

Bhavaviveka, c.500-78, {Madhyamaka Buddhist}:
@ Wikipedia

(Paramartha), 6th.cent, {Yogacara Buddhist} *

Gaudapada, late 6th.cent, {influence on Shankara, taught Mahayana, Samkhya and Advaita, author/commentator of »Mandukya Upanishad«}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org,
@ Biographies of Indian saints,
@ Wikipedia

Dharmapala, late 6th.cent, {Sarvastivadin, Yogacara Buddhist} *

Shankarasvamin, f.c.600, {Naiyayika, commentator on Dignaga} *

Siddhasena Divakara, 7th.cent, {Jaina logician, w. »Nyayavatara« (The Descent of Logic)} *

Akalanka, 7th.cent., {Jaina logician} *

Samantabhadra, 7th.cent *

Chandrakirti, 7th.cent., {Madhyamaka Buddhist, w. »Madhyamakavatara« (Entering the Middle Way)}:
@ Wikipedia,
@ Nyaya Forum

Jayarasi, 7th.cent., {Lokayata materialist} *

Purandhara, 7th.cent., {Lokayata materialist} *

Xuanzang (Hsüan-tsang), c.600-64, {Yogacara (Fa-hsiang) Buddhist traveler, student at Indian Nalanda college, translator of Buddhist scripts}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia

--------------------
Dharmakirti, c.600-60, {Buddhist logician and Sautrantika epistemologist, influence on ph. in Tibet}:
@ Wikipedia,
@ Nyaya Forum,
@ Die Philosophie Lexikon

Kumarila, 7th.cent, {Bhatta Mimamsaka, extreme caste realism, brahman exclusivism}:
@ Nation Master,
@ Wikipedia

Prabhakara, 7th.cent, {Mimamsaka, Buddhist alike anti-caste universality of humanness} *

Shantarakshita, 7th.cent, {syncretist Madhyamaka Yogacara Buddhist, missioner in Tibet} *

Amoghavajra, f.a. 700, {syncretist tantra Buddhist, missionize tantra rites in China} *

Shantideva, 685-763, {Madhyamaka Yogacara Buddhist, influence on Tibetian scholastic canon, w. »Bodhicaryavatara« (A Guide to the Bodhisattva's Way Of Life or Entering the Path of Enlightenment)}:
@ Wikipedia

Haribhadra, c.700-70, {traditional: 459-529, Jaina philosophy historian, classificized ''six darshanas''}:
@ Wikipedia

Govinda, ?, {Shankaras Advaita teacher} *




5. ADVAITA-VEDANTA TRIUMPH, FADING OF BUDDHISM IN INDIA


--------------------
Slika
Shankara, early 8th.cent (or traditional 788-820 ?), {eminent Indian Advaita Vedanta philosopher and commentator of Upanishads with heavy Buddhist influence, had established 11 »Upanishadas« as classics}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org,
@ philtar.uk,
@ dlshq.org,
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Poet Seers,
@ Wikipedia

Mandana Mishra, early 8th.cent, {Mimamsaka, Advaita disciple of Shankara}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org,
@ Wikipedia

Kamalashila, early 8th.cent, {syncretist Buddhist, anti-Pudgalavadin, pupil of Shantarakshita, missioner in Tibet} *

Sureshvara, f. c.750, {Advaita disciple of Shankara}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org,
@ Wikipedia

Padmapada, 8th.cent, {Advaita disciple of Shankara}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org,
@ Wikipedia

Bhaskara, 8th.cent, {Advaita, disputed Shankara} *

Bhartriprapañcha, 8th.cent., {Advaita} *

Shantarakshita, , {Madhyamaka Yogacara Buddhist} *

Kamalashila, 8th.cent, {Madhyamaka Yogacara Buddhist} *

Padma Sambhava, c.717-762, {Buddhist tantrist}:
@ Wikipedia

Saraha, 8th.cent, {Bengal tantrist poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana

Dharmottara, 8th.cent, {logician, commentator on Dignaga} *

King Indrabuddhi, 9th.cent, {Bengal Buddhist tantrist} *

Slika Lakshminkara Devi, 9th.cent, {Bengal Buddhist tantrist} *

Jayanta Bhatta, 9th.cent, {Kashmiri Naiyayika-Vaisheshika}:
@ Wikipedia

Anandavardhana, 820-890:
@ Wikipedia

Vacaspati Mishra, f.a.900, {Advaita, Darshana compilator, proto-Navya Nyaya}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org,
@ Wikipedia

Shridhara, 10th.cent, {Naiyayika-Vaisheshika, w. »Nyayakandali«} *

Slika (Andal), 10th.cent., {Tamili Vaishnavan poetess}:
@ Sri Vaishnava Home Page,
@ Wikipedia

Yamuna, late 10th.cent, {Vaishnavan} *

Prakashatman, 10th.cent, {Advaita}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org

Abhinavagupta, c.975-1025, {Kashmiri non-dual Shaivite ph., also early Hindu Tantric ph., w. »Tantraloka« (Light of the Tantras)}:
@ geocities.com,
@ Wikipedia

Talika [tib: Tilopa], 928-1009, {Bengal tantrist, influence on Tibetan tanrism via his disciple Naropa}:
@ Wikipedia

Utpala, 11th.cent., {Kashmiri non-dual Shaivite ph.} *

Vausgupta, ?, {Kashmiri non-dual Shaivite ph.} *

Kallata, ?, {Kashmiri non-dual Shaivite ph.} *

Somananda, ?, {Kashmiri non-dual Shaivite ph.} *

Ratnakarashanti, f.a.1040, {syncretist tantric Buddhist} *

Sarvajnatman, 11th.cent, {Advaita}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org

Ratnakirti, f.a. 1090, {isolate Buddhist solipcist} *

Yamunacharya, 11th.cent., {Vaishnavan Bhakti devotee, influence on Ramanuja}:
@ Biography of Yamunacharya
by Sri Madhavakkannan
,
@ Wikipedia

Gorakhnath, 11th-12th cent., {legendary originator of Hatha Yoga}
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia




6. CLIMAX OF INDIAN METAPHYSICS, NAVYA-NYAYA VS ADVAITA VEDANTA


Udayana, f.c. 1100, {Nyaya-Vaisheshikan radical pluralist ph., anti-Advaita, w. »Ātmatattvaviveka« (On the Discrimination of the Reality of the Self), »Nyāyakusumāñjali« (A Handful of Nyaya-Tree Flowers)}:
@ Wikipedia

--------------------
Slika
Ramanuja, f.c.1100, {Vaishnavan bhakti monist theo., ''There is no maya, world of illusions distinct from the Absolute''}:
@ Sri Vaishnava Home Page,
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Chidananda.org/,
@ Gosai.com,
@ Wikipedia

Basava, 1134–1196, {Shaivite ph. and anti-caste social reformist}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Nimbaraka, 12th.cent, {Dvaitaadvaita 'Dualist' Vaishnavan, Krishna devotee} *

(Allama Prabhu), 12th.cent., {Vaishnavan poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Sri Harsha, 12th.cent, {Advaita, anti-Nyaya, tried to remove remants of Madhyamaka Buddhism in Advaita Vedanta}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org

Chitsukha, 12/13th.cent, {Advaita}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org,

Jayadeva, c.1200, {Krishna bhakti devotee, w. »Govindagita«}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

(Nizamuddin Auliya), 1238-1325, {Sufi poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Madhva, 1197-1276? or 1238-1317, {syncretism of Vaishnavite and Dvaita (Dualistic) School}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia

Jayatirtha, c.1365–c.1388, {Dvaita ph., Madhva school}:
@ Wikipedia

Atreya Ramanuja, 13th.cent *

Vedanta Deshika, 13/14th.cent. *

Gangesha, early 14th.cent., {epistemologian and logician, founder of Navya-Nyāya pro-nominalistic and pro-logical formalistic school}:
@ Wikipedia,

--------------------
Madhava (Vidyaranya), 1268- , w. »Sarva-darœana-samgraha« (Survey of the Major Philosophical Systems), in which he presented 16 systems of philosophy, one of the few available sources of information about Lokayata:
@ Wikipedia


Sayana, d. 1387, {commentator on the Vedas}:
@ Wikipedia

Slika (Lalleshwari), 1320-92, {Kashmiri Shaivite poetess and mystic}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Ramananda, c.1400-c.1480, {Vaishnavan anticaste social reformer and mystic}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana
@ Wikipedia

(Kabir), 1398—1448, {Bhakti/Sufi ?? mystic poet, anti-Vedanta}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Poet Seers,
@ Wikipedia

(Guru Nanak), 1469-1539, {founder of the Sikh religion}:
@ New Religious Movements,
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Raghunatha Siromani, c. 1475–1550, {radical Neo-Nyayan, anti-Vaisheshikan}:
@ Wikipedia

Chaitanya, 1486-1533, {emotionalist Krishna devotee, Gaudiya Vaisnava school}:
@ Poet Seers,
@ Wikipedia

Vallabha, 15/16th.cent., {last in line of the classical Vedānta ph., Krishna devotee}:
@ harekrsna.com,
@ hindunet.org,
@ Wikipedia




7. DECLINE OF INDIAN PHILOSOPHY, HINDU STRUGGLE VS ISLAM


Vijnanabhiksu, 16th.cent., {syncretic Vedantist, turned Samkhya via emotional theism}:
@ Wikipedia

Narayana Bhatta, 16th.cent, {Mimamsa theologian} *

Tulsidas, c.1540-1623, {advaita ph., Rama devotee and bhakti poet, w. »Rāmacaritamānasa« (The Lake of the Deeds of Rama)}
@ Wikipedia

Madhusudana, 16th.cent, {Advaita syncretist} *

Vyasa-tirtha, 16th.cent, {anti-Advaita} *

Prakashananda, 16th.cent, {Advaita, Berkeley alike}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org,

Anambhatta, 16th.cent, {syncretist of Nyaya with Advaita and Mimamsa} *

Madhusudana Sarasvati, 16th.cent., {Krishna bhakti devotee and Advaita syncretist, w. »Prasthanabheda«}:
@ Biographies of Indian saints,
@ Advaita Vedanta.org,
@ Wikipedia

(Akha), c.1600- c.1650, {advaita poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana

Appaya Dikshita, f.a.1600, {Advaita-Vaishavan syncretist}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org,
@ Wikipedia

Jagadisha Bhattacharya, 17th.cent, {Navya-Nyaya} *

Gadadhara Bhattacharya, 1604-1709, {Bengal ph., extreme realist of Navya-Nyaya school, w. »Viºayatãvãda«} :
@ Answers.com

(Sultan Bahu), c.1628-1691, {Sufi poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

(Bulleh Shah), 1680-1757, {Punjabi Sufi poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Slika (Rupa Bhawani), 1681-1771, {Kashmiri mystic poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Shah Walli Allah, 1703-62, {Muslim scholar of India, w. »Flashes of Lightning«}:
@ Resources on Islam & Science,
@ Wikipedia

Sadasiva Brahmendra, 18th.cent., {Advaita}:
@ Advaita Vedanta.org,
@ Wikipedia

Yasovijaya, 18th.cent, {Jaina} *

Vamshidhara Mishra, 18th.cent., {syncretist of Samkhya with Nyaya} *




8. ''HINDU'' PHILOSOPHY FRONT AGAINST WESTERN PHILOSOPHY

Raja Rammohun Roy, 1772-1833, {founder of ''Brahmo Samaj'' (Society of Brahma), modernist Hindu movement}:
@ Calcuttaweb,
@ Wikipedia

Ahmad Khan, 1817-1898, {Islamic modernist reformator, 'Islam does not contradict science'}:
@ Wikipedia

Swami Dayanand Saraswati, 1824-83, {founder of ''Arya Samaj'' (The Association of Nobles), reformist and nationalist Hindu movement}:
@ Wikipedia

(Mirza Ghulam Ahmad), 1835-1908, {controverse Shia reformator who claimed, that Jesus (Isa) died in India}:
@ Wikipedia

Ramakrishna, 1836-86, {modern humanistic vision of Hinduism, ph. based on Shankarian Vedānta}:
@ Ramakrishna.org/,
@ Poet Seers,
@ Wikipedia

Narayana Guru, 1856-1928:
@ Wikipedia

Swami Vivekananda, 1863-1902, {neo-Hinduist, Ramakrishna's student, exporter of Vedānta into West, w. »The Hindu View of Life«}:
@ Vivekananda Foundation,
@ New Religious Movements,
@ Swami Vivekananda by Frank Pralato Jr.,
@ Poet Seers,
@ Wikipedia

--------------------
Slika
Mahatma Gandhi, 1869-1948, {political and spiritual leader of Indian unity}:
@ Gandhi Institute,
@ Kirjasto Author’s Calendar,
@ Lucidcafé Library,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ The Informal Education Page,
@ Philosophy Pages,
@ Wikipedia

--------------------
Slika
Sri Aurobindo Ghose, 1872-1950, {developer of system 'integral yoga' (purna yoga), w. »The Life Divine«}:
@ Sri Aurobindo Society,
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Poet Seers,
@ Wikipedia

Krishna Chandra Bhattacharya, 1875-1949
@ Wikipedia

Sri Ramana Maharshi, 1879-1950, {Bhakti neo-Advaita Vedantin}:
@ Wikipedia

Manabendra Nath Roy, 1887–1954:
@ Wikipedia

Rabindranath Tagore, 1886-1941, {novelist, playwrighter, poet and eclectic monist ph., w. »The Religion of Man«}:
@ np.org,
@ Kirjasto Author’s Calendar,
@ The Informal Education Page,
@ Wikipedia

Surendranath Dasgupta, 1887–1952, {w. »A History of Indian Philosophy, 5 volumes«}:
@ Wikipedia

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, 1888-1975, {Indian politician and monist ph., ''neo-Advaita'', w. »An Idealist View of Life«}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia

(Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar), 1891-1956, {Indian politician and anti-Hinduist liberal thinker, born as Untouchable, later turned into Buddhism}:
@ Wikipedia

Paramahansa Yogananda, 1893–1952, {guru, w. »Autobiography of a Yogi«}:
@ Wikipedia

Jiddu Krishnamurti, 1897-1986, {Theosophist guru, w. »Commentaries on Living«, »The Urgency of Change«}:
@ well.com,
@ Krishnamurti.org,
@ NNDB biographies,
@ The Informal Education Page,
@ Wikipedia

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, 1917-2008, {Transcendental Meditation founder}:
@ Transcendental Meditation,
@ Wikipedia

--------------------
Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya, 1918-93:
@ jstor.org,
@ India Resource,
@ Wikipedia

Jitendra Nath Mohanty , 1928-------, {phenomenologist} *

Osho, 1931-90, {mystic, New Age guru}:
@ Osho.com,
@ Wikipedia

Amartya Kumar Sen, 1933------

Bimal Krishna Matilal, 1935-91, {premier modern Indian scholar of Nyaya logic, w. »Epistemology, Logic and Grammar in Indian Philosophical Analysis«}:
@ Wikipedia

Homi K. Bhabha, 1949------, {Indian-American post-colonial theorist, w. »The Location of Culture«}:
@ Wikipedia


T. M. P. Mahadevan, , *

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OdgovorNapisal/-a Hinko_Gnito » 26.11.08 17:28:43

TIBETAN PHILOSOPHY :
@ thdl.org

(Songtsän Gampo [Srong-btsan sGam-po]), 7th.cent., {ruler that introduced Buddhism to Tibet}:
@ Wikipedia

(Thonmi Sambhota), 7th.cent., {minister of Songtsän Gampo, traditional inventor of the Tibetan script}:
@ Wikipedia

(Trisong Detsen [Khri srong Ide btsan]), c.740-798, {Tibetian pro-Buddhist ruler}:
@ Wikipedia

Padmasambhava [Padma-'byun-gnas], 8th. cent., {aka Guru Rimpoche, Sutra and Tantra importer}:
@ Wikipedia

Slika Yeshe Tsogyel [ye shes mtsho rgyal], 8th.cent., {Tantra importer}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

»Kalachakra Tantra«, 10th.cent.:
@ Kalacakra.org,
@ Wikipedia

Naropa [Na-ro-pa; skt: Nadaprada], 956-1041, {Indian Buddhist missionary, disciple of Tilopa}:
@ Wikipedia

Atisha [snk.: Dipamakara Srijnana], 980-1052, {Buddhist missionary}:
@ lamayeshe.com,
@ Wikipedia

Domton [Brom-ston], 1008-64 *

Marpa the translator [mar-pa], 1012-97, {Buddhist missionary, teacher of Milarepa}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Jetsun Milarepa [Rje-btsun Mi-la-ras-pa], 1040-1123, {Tantrist poet}:
@ Cosmic Harmony,
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Gampopa [sGam-po-pa], 1079-1153, {major disciple of Milarepa} *

Chaba Chögyi sennge [Phy pa Chos kyi sengge], 1109-69, {?, influence on Dzongkaba} *

Sakya Pandita [Sa skya Pandita], 1182-1251, {logician and epistemologist, influence by Dharmakīrti}:
@ indiana.edu,
@ kbi.com.au,
@ Wikipedia

Buton Rinpoche [Bu-sTon Rin-po-che], 1290-1364, {compilator of Tibetian Buddhist canon}*

Longchen Rabjampa, 1308-1363, {mystical poet, Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

-------------------------
Slika
Tsongkhapa Losang Zhagba [Tsong kha pa blo bzang grags pa], 1357-1418, {Gandenba school, main Tibetian theocratic influence, w. »Yid dang kun gzhi dka' ba'i gnas« (Ocean of Eloquence)}:
@ lamayeshe.com,
@ Wikipedia

Geyltsap darma rinchen [Rgyal tshab dar ma rin chen], 1364-1432, {commentator on Dharmakīrti, moderate realist (?),w. »The Faultless Revealing of the Path to Liberation«}:
@ tonguer.net

Kajdrup gelek belsangbo [mKhas grub dge legs dpal bzangpo], 1364-1432, {Gelukba school, w. »A Dose of Emptiness«} *

Kundun Drup [dGe ’dun Grub], 1391–1474, {1st Dalai Lama, Dzongkaba disciple}:
@ Wikipedia

Mikyö Dorje [Mi bskyod rdo rje], 1507-1554, {Gagyü school}:
@ Wikipedia

(Sonam Gyatso [Bsod-nams Rgya-mtsho]), 1543-88, {3rd Dalai Lama, missionary in Mongolia}:
@ Wikipedia

Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso [Ngag-dbang bLo-bzang rgya-mtsho], 1617-1682, {the 5th 'Great' Dalai Lama, political leader and tantric sholar, w. »Oral teachings of the Knowledge-holders« }:
@ The Great Fifth,
@ Wikipedia

Shabkar, 1781-1851, {mystic poet and pure vegan}:
@ Shabkar.org,
@ Poetry Chaikhana

Khedrup Gyatso [mKhas grub rGya mtsho], 1838-1856, {11th Dalai Lama, moralist writer, w. »Story of the Monkeys and Birds«}:
@ Wikipedia

Mipham Rinpoche, 1846-1912:
@ Buddhist Information

Thubten Gyatso [Thub-bstan-rgya-mtsho], 1876-1933, {13th Dalai Lama of Tibet, modernist and pro-securlar reformer, abolished capital punishment}:
@ Wikipedia

Khunu Lama Rinpoche, 1894-1977:
@ lamayeshe.com

Lama Anagarika Govinda [born Ernst Lothar Hoffman], 1898-1985, {fraud or real stuff???, w. »Foundations of Tibetan Mysticism«, »The Way of the White Clouds«, »The Psychological Attitude of Early Buddhist Philosophy«}:
@ Wikipedia

Kyabje Ling Rinpoche, 1903-83:
@ lamayeshe.com

Dhardo Rimpoche, 1917-1990:
@ Wikipedia

Geshe Rabten, 1921-85:
@ lamayeshe.com

Geshe Ngawang Dhargyey, 1921-1995:
@ lamayeshe.com

Tenzin Gyatso [bsTan-'dzin-rgya-mtsho], 14th dalailama, 1935-----:
@ tibet.com,
@ Buddha Net,
@ Lucidcafé Library,
@ lamayeshe.com,
@ Wikipedia

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OdgovorNapisal/-a Hinko_Gnito » 26.11.08 17:30:01

CHINESE PHILISOPHY:
@ Ontology. A Resource Guide for Philosophers


(Short explanation about putting down names of Chinese philosophers, schools and works:
- first is name putten down in pinyin standard, most common and usefull system of transcription;
- second, Wade-Giles standard for English speaking world.

There are some exceptions for Chinese philosophers who have cultural influence outside China, example: Confucius for Western world, Linji/Rinzai for Japan and Indian Buddhists connections such as Bodhidharma and Kumarajiva.



!!!!!!!!IMPORTANT!!!!!!!!!

Eras (Nien hao) of Chinese History:
@ Wikipedia

!!!!!!!!IMPORTANT !!!!!!!!!




1. »THE HUNDRED SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT«

FOUR BOOKS:
1. »Analects« of Confucius
2. »Works« of Mencius
3. »The Great Learning« [Da Xue]
4. »Doctrine of the Mean« [Zhongyong] {2nd chapter of the 'Book of Rites', authorship atributed to Confucius grandson Zisi}



SIX SCHOOLS:

1. SCHOOL OF NATURALISTS ('School of Yin-yang'; 'Yin-Yang Chia'):
@ China Culture.org,
@ Wikipedia

2. CONFUCIANS ('School of Scholars; 'Ju-Chia'):
@ Wikipedia

3. MOHISTS ('School of Mo'; 'Mo-Chia'):
@ China Culture.org,
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia

4. LOGICIANS ('School of names'; 'Ming-Chia'):
@ China Culture.org,
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

5. LEGALISTS ('School of Law'; 'Fa-Chia'):
@ China Culture.org,
@ Washington State University,
@ Wikipedia

6. TAOISTS ('School of the Way'; 'Tao-Chia'):
@ China Culture.org,
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia


--------------------
Slika
Laozi [Lao Tzu], c.570-c.490, {probably mythical, founder of Tao-Chia, for more of Lao Tzu look »Tao Te Ching« [Dao De Jing]}:
@ China Culture.org,
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Washington State University,
@ Lucidcafé Library,
@ Religious Worlds,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Marxists Archive,
@ Poet Seers,
@ New Religious Movements

--------------------
Slika
Confucius [Kong Fuzi; K'ung-fu-tzu], c.551-c.479, {founder of 'Ju-Chia', w. »Analects«, much of his fame is a cult figure, 'li' as proper ritual behavior}:
@ China Culture.org,
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Washington State University,
@ Sacred Texts,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ NNDB biographies,
@ Literary Works of S. Beck,
@ Philosophy Professor,
@ Wikipedia,
@ Philosophy Fleet, Forum Frigate



FIVE CLASSICS OF 'JU CHIA':

1. »Classic of Changes« [Yi Jing; I Ching], {philosophy through hexagram}:
@ China Culture.org,
@ Wikipedia

2. »Classic of Odes« [Shi Jing; Shih Ching], {305 poems, some old as 1000 BC}:
@ Wikipedia

3. »Classic of Rites« [Liji, LI Chi]:
@ Wikipedia

4. »Classic of History« [Shujing; Shuching]:
@ Wikipedia

5. »Spring and Autumn Annals« [Chunqiu]:
@ China Culture.org,
@ Wikipedia

+ »Classic of Music« [Yue Jing; Yueh Ching]:
@ Wikipedia



Zisi [Tzu-ssu], c.481-402BC, {Confucius grandson, supposedly wrote »Doctrine of Mean« and some parts of »Classic of Rites«}:
@ Wikipedia

--------------------
Slika
Micius [Mozi; Mo Tzu], c.480-381, {anti-Confucian proponent of Mohism, anti-ritualism, refutation of fatalism, universal altruism, defensive warfare theory, parallels with Christianity and Marxism}:
@ China Culture.org,
@ Washington State University,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Literary Works of S. Beck,
@ New Advent,
@ Wikipedia

Lie Yukou [Lieh Yü-k'ou], 4th.cent.BC, {Taoist author of »Liezi [Lieh Tzu]« (Book of Master Li} :
@ Wikipedia

Shang Yang, ?-338, {proto-Legalist politic reformist, w. »The Book of Lord Shang«}:
@ Wikipedia

Shen Buhai [Shen Pu-hai], ?- 337, {proto-Legalist politic reformist}:
@ Wikipedia

Gaozi [Kao Tzu], c. 420, {''Human nature is neither good or bad''}:
@ Wikipedia

»Guanzi« (Book of Master Guan), {writen from 4th.centBC to 1st.centAD, edited by Liu Xiang}:
@ Bartleby.com

Hui Shi [Hui Shih], 4.cent.BCE, {court diplomat, logician paradoxer, ''The wheel never touches the ground''}:
@ Wikipedia

Zhang Yi, ?-309 BC, {leader of the School of Diplomats}:
@ Wikipedia

--------------------
Slika
Mencius [Meng Zi; Meng Tzu], c.371-289 BCE, {Confucian, idealist, leadership of 'wang- philosopher king, ''Human nature is good''}:
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Washington State University,
@ Literary Works of S. Beck,
@ Wikipedia

Yang Zhu [Yang Chu], 370-319, {proto-Taoist, anti-Confucian, anti-Mohist, ''Natural does not corelate with moral or social''}:
@ Wikipedia

--------------------
Slika
Zhuangzi [Chuang Tzu], c.369-286, {major Daoist ph., 'li' as pattern of world, friend of Hui Shih}:
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Literary Works of S. Beck,
@ Poet Seers,
@ Wikipedia

Shunyü Kun, late 4th. cent., {debater} *

Ch'en Chung, late 4th.cent., {shaman primitivist, official in ruling house of Ch'i} *

Sung Hsing (Sung Tzu), 360-290:
@ The Window Philosophy

Shen Dao [Shen Tao], 350-275, {Taoist-Legalist ph.}:
@ Wikipedia

Gongsun Long [Kung-sun Lung], c.325–250BC, {onthological realist, logician paradoxer and debater of 'Ming Chia', ''White horse is not a horse''}:
@ Wikipedia

Zou Yan [Tsou Yen], 3.cent.BCE, {Yin-Yang cosmologist ph., debater, five basic elements/agents: water, fire, wood, metal, earth}:
@ Wikipedia

--------------------
Slika
Xunzi [Hsün Tzu], c.300-c.235, {major Confucian systematizer and synthesizer, ''Human nature is evil, must be restrained by 'li''', influence on Legalists}:
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Literary Works of S. Beck,
@ Wikipedia

Sun Zi [Sun Tzu], 2nd.cent.BCE, {w. »The Art of Warfare«}:
@ Marxists Archive,
@ Wikipedia

--------------------
Slika
Han Fei, c.280-c.233, {major Legalist, student of Xunzi, ideologist of Qin Dynasty, anti-Confucian, influence on Mao Zedong}:
@ China Culture.org,
@ John Knoblock's Home Page,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Wikipedia

Li Si [Li Ssu], 280-208, {Legalist, student of Xunzi, ideologist of Qin Dynasty, major proponent of 213BC burning books, executed with 'The Five Pains' }:
@ Wikipedia

Emperor Shi Huang of Qin [Shih-huang / Ch'in], 259BC-210BC, {proponent of Legalism and unifier of China}:
@ Wikipedia

more Mohist authors and compilers, »The Canons«:
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

»Tao Te Ching [Dao De Jing]« (Classic of the Way and Its Power), 2. cent. BCE, {core Taoist text atributed to Lao Tzu, by judgement of Feng You-lan it was written after Hui Shih and Gonsun Long}:
@ China Culture.org,
@ Wikipedia



2. »POLITICAL UNIFICATION OF CHINA UNDER THE HAN«

Jia Yi [Chia I], 201-169, {Han-Confucian educational ph.}:
@ Wikipedia

Dong Zhongshu [Tung Chung-shu], 195-115.BCE, {New Text School Confucian, synthesizes Tsou Yen jin-jang ph. with pre-Ch'in Confucinism, philosophy as service to political legitimation of dynasties}:
@ Biography,
@ Wikipedia

(Liu An), 179-122 BCE, {Daoist king philosopher, group of ''Huai Nan'' court encyclopedists, Taoist anti-Confucian opposition, patronage over the work »Huainanzi«}:
@ Wikipedia

Sima Tan [Ssu-ma T'an], c.165-110BC, {historian, father of Sima Qian, w. »Shih Chi« (Records of the Grand Historian), standard of the history of China}:
@ Journal of Beijing Normal University(Social Science Edition),
@ Wikipedia

(Emperor Wu of Han), 156BC-87BC, {had established Confucianism as the state philosophy}:
@ Wikipedia

Sima Qian [Ssu'ma Chi'en], 145-86BC, {historian, completed father's work » Records of the Grand Historian«, classificied six major philosophical traditions}:
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Wikipedia

Liu Xiang [Liu Hsiang], 77-6BC, {imperial librarian and historian, father of Liu Xin}:
@ Wikipedia

Yang Xiong [Yang Hsiung], 53BC-18AD, {naturalist Confucian, sceptic, anti-occultist, also dissident, w. »Taixuanjing« (Canon of Supreme Mystery), »Fayan« (Model Sayings)}:
@ Wikipedia

(Wang Mang, Enperor of Xin Dynasty), 45BC-23AD, {social reformar via Confucian classics}:
@ Wikipedia


1BCE
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1AD

Ban Gu [Pan Ku], 32–92, {Chinese historian, w. »Hanshu« (Book of Han)}:
@ Wikipedia

Slika Ban Zhao [Pan Chao], 45-116, {first female Chinese historian, sister of Ban Gu}:
@ Wikipedia

Liu Xin [Liu Hsin], c.46BC-23CE, {imperial librarian and astronomer, leader of the Confucian 'Old Text School'}:
@ Wikipedia

Huan Tan, 1st.cent., {Han Confucian ph., sceptic, anti-occultist}:
@ Wikipedia

Wang Chong, c.27-90, {Confucian ph., radicaly secularist, sceptic and anti-occultist, contra deification of Confucius}:
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Wikipedia

(Wei Boyang), 1st.cent., {Taoist alchemist, w. »Cantongqi [Ts'an-t'ung-ch'i]«}:
@ Wikipedia

An Shigao [An Shih-kao], ?-c.168, {Parthian Buddhist missionary}:
@ Wikipedia



3. »SECOND PERIOD OF DIVISION, APPEARENCE OF TAOIST ABSTRACT PHILOSOPHY«

Zheng Xuan [Cheng Hsuan], 127-200, {commentator on Confucian classics}:
@ hamilton.edu,
@ Wikipedia

Ho Hsiu, 129-82, {Han Confucian}*

He Yan [Ho Yen], d. 249, {Daoist ph. and commentator of Confucian classics}:
@ Encyclopedia Britannica

Shan Tao, 205-83, {Neo-Daoist statesman, one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove}*

Ruan Ji, 210-63, {Neo-Daoist, one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove}:
@ Wikipedia

Xiang Xiu [Hsiang Hsiu], c.221-300, {Neo-daoist commentator on Chuang Tzu, one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, for more look Guo Xiang}:
@ Wikipedia

Liu Ling, c.221-300, {Neo-Daoist one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, Diogen alike anti-moralist}:
@ Wikipedia

Xi Kang [Chi Kang], 223–262, {artist musician, one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove}:
@ Wikipedia

Ruan Xian, 3rd.cent., {artist musician, one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove}:
@ Philmultic Management

Zhong Hui [Chung Hui], 225–264, {Neo-Daoist statesman and calligrapher}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia

Wang Pi [Wang Bi], 226-249, {School of Dark Learning, Platon alike Daoist methaphysical commentator on »Tao Te Ching« and »Yi Ching«, developed concept of non-being (wu-wei)}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia

Wang Rong, 233-305, {one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove}:
@ Wikipedia

Yin Jung [Hsün Jung], 3rd.cent, {Neo-Daoist, defended wordlessness, power to symbols} *

Guo Xiang [Kuo Hsiang], c.250-312, {Neo-Daoist commentator on Chuang Tzu, anti-Confucian, anti-occultist, 'Third Man argument' on non-being, for more look Xiang Xiu}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Encyclopedia Britannica,
@ Wikipedia

NOTE: name Hsiang-Kuo is often atributed to both Hsiang Hsiu and Kuo Hsiang since it is unknown whitch parts of Chuang Tzu commentaries are atributed to them:
@ Hsiang-Kuo Neo-Daoism

Ge Hong [Ke Hung], early 4.cent, {Neo-Daoist alchemist}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia

Slika Wei Hua-Ts'un, early 4th.cent, {Daoist}:
@ Women in Taoism

(Wang Xizhi [Wang Hsi-chih]), 303–361, {1st prominent calligrapher}:
@ Wikipedia

Dao An [Tao-an], 312-85, {Pure Land Buddhist}:
@ Wikipedia

Zhi Dun [Chih Tun], 314-366, {Buddhist commentator on Zhuangzi}:
@ Wikipedia

Xie An [Hsieh An], 320-385, {military statesman, Neo-Daoist}:
@ Wikipedia





4. »AGE OF BUDDHIST INTELLECTUAL DOMINATION, HIGH TIES WITH INDIAN SCHOOLS OF BUDDHISM«

AMIDAISM {common people Buddhism} *

YOGACARA SCHOOL {Vijñanavada, skt., or Consciusness-Only School} *

CH'AN SCHOOL {Zen Buddhism}:
@ Introduction to Ch'an,
@ Chan history from 700 to 850

HUA-YEN SCHOOL {Avatamsaka, skt., or Tendai, jap. School} *


(Kumarajiva), c.343-c.413, {major Mahayana Buddhist scholar and translator from Sanskrit into Chinese}:
@ Wikipedia

Dao Sheng [Tao Sheng], c.360-434, {Kumarajiva's student, proto-Ch'an Buddhist scholar}:
@ Encyclopedia Britannica,
@ Wikipedia

-------------------
Slika
Bodhidharma [chn.: Ta Mo; jap.: Daruma], 4/5th.cent., {father of Ch'an/Zen Buddhism, possibly mythical}:
@ Buddha Net,
@ cs.virginia.edu,
@ sotozen-net,
@ Poet Seers,
@ Wikipedia

Hui K'o, 4th.cent., {2nd Partiarch of Ch'an Buddhism after Bodhidharma }:
@ Poetry Chaikhana

Dao Qian [T'ao Ch'ien], 365-427, {Daoist ''drinking'' poet}:
@ BookRags,
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Sengzhao [Seng-Chao], 384-413, {Kumarajiva's student, proto-Ch'an Buddhist, w. »Zhaolun« (Treatises of Zhao), yu/wu onthologist}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia

Xie Lingyun [Hsieh Ling-yün], 385-433, {Buddhist philosopher, translator and poet of songs devoted to nature}:
@ BookRags,
@ Hermitary

Liu Yi-ch'ing, 403-444, {Neo-Daoist commentator}:
@ Encyclopedia Britannica

Xie He [Hsieh He], 5.th cent., {art historian and critic, w. »Huihua Liufa« (Six points to consider when judging a painting)}:
@ Wikipedia

Liu Xun [Liu Hsün], 463-521, {Neo-Daoist commentator}*

Dazu Huike [Hui-k’o; jap: Eka], 487-593 , {2nd Patriarch of Ch'an}:
@ Wikipedia

Huizhou [Hui-ssu], 515-77, {2nd patriarch of the T'ien-t'ai school}:
@ Answers.com

Jianzhi Sengcan [Chien-chih Seng-ts'an; Japanese, Seng-Ts'an; jap.:Kanchi Sosan], c.520-c.606, {3rd Patriarch of Ch'an/Zen Buddhism}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Zhiyi [Chih-I], 538-97, {Buddhist, founder of monastic T'ien-t'ai i school}:
@ Wikipedia

Jizang [Chi Tsang], 549-623, {Madhyamaka Buddhist and yu/wu onthologist}:
@ udel.edu,
@ Wikipedia

Xuanzang [Hsüan-tsang], 596-664, {Yogacara Buddhist, student at Indian Nalanda college, translator of Buddhist scripts}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ In the footsteps of Xuanzang,
@ Wikipedia

(Emperor Taizong [T'ai-tsung] of Tang), 599-649, {re-established Confucian classics and state exams}:
@ Wikipedia

Daman Hongren [Shih Hung-jen ; jap: Daiman Konin], 601 - 674, {5th Ch'an Patriarch, teacher of Shen-hsiu and Hui-neng}:
@ Wikipedia

Yequan Shenxiu [Shen-hsiu], ?-d.706, {Ch'an Buddhist}:
@ DharmaWeb,
@ Wikipedia

K'uei-chi, 632-682, {Hsüan-tsang disciple} *

Dajian Hui-neng [jap: Jeno], 638-713, {6th Chan Ch'an Patriarch, major influence on future development of Ch'an Buddhism, author of only Chinese sutra »Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch«}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ zen.thetao.info;
@ DAbase,
@ Wikipedia

Fazang [Fa-tsang], 643-712, {Buddhist, asistant of Hsüan-tsang, later Hua-yen master}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Encyclopedia Britannica,
@ Wikipedia

Shitou Xiqian [Shih-t'ou Hsi-ch'ien; jap: Sekitõ Kisen], 700-90, {Soto Zen, w. poem »Sandokai«}:
@ Blog 'The Zen Frog'
@ Sacred Texts,
@ Wikipedia

Yung Chia [Hsuan Chueh], 665 - 713, {Ch'an Buddhist}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana

Nan-yueh Huai-jang, 677-744, {Ch'an master, pupil of Hui-neng}:
@ Answers.com
@ DAbase

(Wang Wei), c.699-761, {poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana

(Li Bai [Li Po]), 701-62, {prominent Chinese poet}:
@ Wikipedia
@ Wikipedia

Mazu Daoyi [Ma-tsu Tao-yi; jap: Baso Döitsu]Ma-tsu, 709–788, {Ch'an & Hua-yen Buddhist, Zen paradoxer, pupil of Huai-jang }:
@ DAbase,
@ Wikipedia

Baizhang Huaihai [Pai-chang Huai-hai; jap.: Hyakujo Ekai], 720-814, {Ch'an master, Zen practice through manual labor }:
@ Wikipedia

P'u-k'ung [Amoghavajara], 8th.cent, {Indian tantrist monk and founder of Chinese Chen-yen (True Word) Buddhism, influence on Kukai and Japanese Shingon Buddhism} *

Nanquan Puyuan [Nan-ch'uan P'u-yüan], 748-834, {Ch'an master, student of Ma-tsu}:
@ Answers.com

Huangbo Xiyun [Huang-po Hsi-yün; jap.: Obaku Kiun], ?-d.850, {Ch'an master, disciple of Baizhang}:
@ Blog 'The Zen Frog',
@ Wikipedia

Han-shan, c.730-c.850, {freestyle poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana

Han Yu [Han Yü], 768-824, {Confucian reformist and poet, tried to create Confucian sage state religion}:
@ Tang dynasty literature homepage,
@ Answers.com,
@ Wikipedia

Zongmi [Tsung-mi], 780-841, {Hua-yen & Ch'an syncretist Buddhist, w. »Yuanrenlum« (Inquiry into the Origin of Humanity)}:
@ Wikipedia

Li Ao, ?-d.844, {Confucian reformist}:
@ Chinese Poems,
@ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Ao_(722-841)

Te-shan Hsüan-chien, 781-867, {Ch'an Buddhist}:
@ Angelfire.com

Tung-shan [jap.:Tozan], 9th.cent, {Ch'an Tsao-tung (proto-Soto) Buddhist}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana

Slika Wu Cailan [Wu Ts'ailuan], 9th.cent., {Taoist poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana

------------------------
Slika
Linji Yixuan [Lin-chi I-hsüan; jap: Rinzai Gigen], c.810-67, {Buddhist Ch'an master, shouter meditator, influence on Japanese Rinzai Zen for everyday use}:
@ Wikipedia

Yung-ming Yen-shou, 904 - 975, {'Pure Land' Buddhist}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana

Yün-men Wen-yen, early 10th.cent, {Ch'an Buddhist} * Yung-ming Yen-shou?

Chen Tuan, 10th.cent, {Taoist numerologist}:
@ Taoist Culture & Information Centre,
@ Wikipedia

Fan Chung-yen [Fan Zhongyan], 989-1044, {orthodox Confucian}:
@ silkqin.com

Ouyang Xiu [Ou-yang Hsiu], 1007-1072, {orthodox Confucian historian and poet}:
@ Wikipedia

Li Gou [Li Kou], 1009-59, {poet}:
@ renditions.org




5. »NEO-CONFUCIANS«; DAOXUE [TAO HSÜEH]:
@ Wikipedia


Shao Yong [Shao Yung], 1012-77, {Neo-Confucian occultistic cosmologist based on »Yi Ching« Taoism, contra heaven cult of orthodox Confucianism, w. »Huangji Jingshi« (Book of supreme world ordering principles)}:
@ NewAgeQuest,
@ Wikipedia

Liu Mu, early 11th.cent, {Taoist numerologist} *

Zhou Dunyi [Chou Tun-yi], 1017-73, {Neo-Confucian occultistic cosmologist based on »Yi Ching«, contra Wang An-shih reforms , w. »Taiji tusho« (Diagram Explaining the Supreme Ultimate)}:
@ Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ BookRags,
@ Zhou Dunyi: The Metaphysics and Practice of Sagehood,
@ Wikipedia

Sima Guang [Ssu-ma Kuang], 1019-1084, {Neo-Confucian ph. and politician, contra Wang An-shih reforms}:
@ Wikipedia

Zhang Zai [Chang Tsai], 1020-77, {Neo-Confucian pro-pantheistic and naturalistic cosmologist, based on »Yi Ching« and chi principle, contra Wang An-shih reforms}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Chang Tsai - son of Heaven and Earth,
@ Chang Tsai - From His Writings,
@ Wikipedia

Wang Anshi [Wang An-shih], 1021-1086, {Confucian pro-utilitarian politician, poet and educational reformer, promotor of natural and technological sciences} *

? Sixun [Ssu Hsün], 11th.cent, {orthodox Confucian poet} *

Cheng Hao, 1032-85, {Neo-Confucian, rationalist, anti-Buddhist, anti-Taoist, contra Wang An-shih reforms, 'li' as abstract moral principle, influence on Lu Hsiang-shan and Wang Yangming}:
@ Washington State University,
@ Encyclopedia Britannica

------------------------
Slika
Cheng Yi [Cheng-I], 1033-1107, {Neo-Confucian, rationalist, anti-Buddhist, anti-Taoist, contra Wang An-shih reforms, 'li' as abstract metaphysical principle, influence on Zhu Xi}:
@ Encyclopedia Britannica,
@ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheng_Yi_(philosopher)

(Su Shih), 1037-1101, {orthodox Confucian politician, poet}:
@ Wikipedia

Yang-Shih, 12th.cent, {Neo-Confucian, disciple of Cheng brothers} *

Dahui Zonggao [Ta-hui Tsung-kao; jap.:Daie Sōkō], 1089–1163, {last prominent Ch'an Buddhist, Chu Hsi conntact, Lin'chi line, influence on Japan Rinzai Zen Buddhism}:
@ The Living Workshop,
@ Wikipedia

Slika Sun Buer [Sun Pu-erh], c.1124 -c.1182, {Daoist poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Women in Taoism

=========================

Slika
Zhu Xi [Chu Hsi], c.1130-1200, {major Neo-Confucian classic, 'li' as abstract cosmological ''Tai Chi and moral principle}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Washington State University,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Wikipedia

=========================

Lu Xiangshan [Lu Hsiang-shan], also Lu Jiuyuan [Lu Chiuyüan], 1139-93, {Neo-Confucain practical ph., main debator with Chu Hsi}:
@ Encyclopedia Britannica,
@ Wikipedia

Ch'en Liang, 1143-94, {Neo-Confucian debater with Chu Hsi} *

Wumen Huikai [Wu-men Hui-k'ai; jap.: Mumon Ekai], 1183-1260, {Ch'an master, compiler of and commentator on the 48-koan collection »The Gateless Gate« ("Wumenguan"; jap: Mumonkan}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Poet Seers,
@ Wikipedia

(Guan Hanqing [Kuan Han-Ch'ing]), 1271-1368, {playwrighter, w. tragedy »Dou E Yuan« ([i]Injustice to Dou E)}:
@ China Culture.org,
@ Poetry Chaikhana

Ch'en Hsien-chang, 1428-1500, {Neo-Confucian educiational reformer}*

-----------------------------
Slika
Wang Yangming, also Wang Shou-jen, 1472-1529, {last prominent Neo-Confucian, intuitionist bamboo's 'Li' researcher and wire expert, w. »Quanxilu« (Instructions for Practical Living)}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Wikipedia

Lo Ch'in-shun, 16th.cent., {Neo-Confucian of Wang Yangming school}*

Wang Chi, 1498-1583, {combination of Confucian and Ch'an Buddhist} *

Li Zhi [Li Chih], 1527–1602, {antischolar Confucian and Ch'an Buddhist}*

Jiao Xun [Chiao Hung], 1540-1620:
@ Projekt Gutenberg

Li Chih-tsao, ?-d.1630, {minor Jesuit translator} *

Yinyuan Longqi [jap.: Ingen Ryuki], 1592-1673, {Chinese Ch'an poet and caligrapher, moved to Japan, founder of third School of Japan Zen – Obaku – mixture of Zen and Amida cult}:
@ Wikipedia

Huang Zongxi [Huang Tsunghsi], 1610-95, {Neo-Confucian proto-liberal constitutionalist}:
@ Huang Zongxi PDF,
@ Projekt Gutenberg,
@ Wikipedia

Gu Yan-wu [Ku Yen-wu], 1613-82, {Confucian philologist}:
@ China.org,
@ renditions.org,
@ Projekt Gutenberg

Wang Fuzhi [Wang Fuchih], 1619-92, {Neo-Confucian systematic philosopher}:
@ renditions.org,
@ Projekt Gutenberg,
@ Wikipedia

Yen Yuan [Yen Hsi-chai], 1635-1704, {anti Neo-confucian, zealot of Classics}:
@ Projekt Gutenberg,
@ Encyclopedia Britannica

Wu Jingzi [Wu Ching-tse], 1701-54, {Neo-Confucian novelist, w. »Rulin Waishi« (The Scholars)}:
@ Wikipedia

Yuan Mei, 1716-97, {Ch'an-Taoist eclectic}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Dai Zhen [Tai Chen], 1723-77, {Neo-Confucian ph., w. »Inquiry Into Goodness«}:
@ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ bookrags.com,
@ Projekt Gutenberg :!:,
@ Wikipedia

Zhang Xue-cheng, 1738-1801, {Daoist historian}:
@ PDF,
@ Projekt Gutenberg

Wei Yuan, 1794-1857, {anti scholar Confucian}:
@ Projekt Gutenberg,
@ Wikipedia

Zeng Guofan [Tseng Kuo-fan], 1811-72, {Confucian scholar and military warlord}:
@ Wikipedia

(Li Hongzhang), 1823-1901, {military politician, diplomat and an industry pioneer}:
@ Wikipedia

Huang Zun-xian, 1848-1905, {Confucian modernist pioneer}:
@ Projekt Gutenberg

Sun Yi-rang, 1848-1908, {Confucian philologist}:
@ Projekt Gutenberg




6. CHINA MOVE TOWARDS WEST

Yan Fu [Yen Fu], 1853-1921, {importer of Darwinism and utilitarism}:
@ Yan Fu PDF,
@ renditions.org,
@ Projekt Gutenberg,
@ Wikipedia

Kang Youwei [Kang You-wei], 1858-1927, {proponent of Confucianism as religion, proto socialist reformer, w. »Da Tongshu«}:
@ foshan.cn,
@ Projekt Gutenberg,
@ Wikipedia

Woo Tsin-hang [Chih-hui], 1865-1953:
@ Wikipedia

T'an Ssu-t'ung, 1865-98, {Neo-Confucian political reforminst and science eclectic} *

Sun Yat-sen, 1866-1925, {political ph. and 1st. president of the Republic of China }:
@ Marxists Archive,
@ Humanistic Texts,
@ Wikipedia

Liang Qichao [Liang Ch'i-ch'ao], 1873-1929, {political reforminst}:
@ Wikipedia

(Loy Ching-Yuen), 1873 - 1960, {Taoist poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana

Wang Kuo-wei, 1877-1927, {scholar for Westeren philosophies; ended to soon, but had potential} *

Chen Duxiu, 1879-1942, {anti-Comintern Troskyist}:
@ Wikipedia

(Lu Xun [ Lu Hsün]), 1881-1936, {pro-Communist story writer and essayist}:
@ Wikipedia

Zhang Dongsun [Chang Tung-sun], 1886-1973, {Kantian orientated Neo-Confucian and political reformer}:
@ Wikipedia

Zhang Junmai [Chang Chun-mai], 1886-1969, {liberal Neo-Confucian}:
@ Wikipedia

Li Dazhao, [Li Ta-Chao], 1889-1927, {co-founder of the Communist Party of China}:
@ Marxists Archive,
@ Wikipedia

Hu Shi [Hu Shih], 1891-1962, {liberal scholar an philologist, Dewey's student}:
@ renditions.org,
@ csua.berkeley.edu,
@ Encyclopedia Britannica,
@ Wikipedia

Mao Zedong [Mao Tse-tung],1893-1976:
@ Marxists Archive,
@ Philosophy Pages,
@ Kirjasto Author’s Calendar,
@ Wikipedia

Liang Shu-ming, 1893-1988, {neo-Confucian social reformer, w. »Eastern and Western Cultures and their Philosophies«}:
@ Wikipedia

Feng Youlan [Fung Yu-lan], 1895–1990, {eminent historian of Chinese philosophies, w. »History of Chinese Philosophy«}:
@ Wikipedia

Jin Yuelin, 1895-1984:
@ Jin Yuelin PDF

Hao Wang, 1921-95, {Chinese American logician, philosopher and mathematician}:
@ Wikipedia

Wang Ruoshui [Wang Shuoshui], 1926–2002, {Marxist}:
@ Wikipedia

Liu Xiaobo, 1955------ { human rights activist intellectual}:
@ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liu_Xiaobo_(intellectual)

-



××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××


KOREAN PHILOSOPHY :
@ Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Uisang, 605-702, {Buddhist ph.}:
@ Encyclopedia Britannica,
@ Wikipedia

Wonchuk, 613–696, {influence on Tibetian Buddhism, mainly Dzongkaba}:
@ Wikipedia

Wonhyo Daisa, 617-86, {systematizer of Mahayana Buddhism, influence on Korean, Chinese, and Japanese Buddhism }:
@ Korean Buddhism,
@ Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia

Kim Bu-sik, 1075–1151:
@ Wikipedia

Bojo Jinul [Chinul], 1158-1210, {Ch'an (Seon) Buddhist}:
@ Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Korean Buddhism,
@ Wikipedia

Mogeun Yi Saek, 1328–1396:
@ Wikipedia

Jeong Do-jeon 1337–1398:
@ Wikipedia

Kim Jong-jik, 1431-1492:
@ Wikipedia

Kim Si-seup, 1435–1493:
@ Wikipedia

Yi Hwang (Toegye), 1501-70, {Neo-Confucian, w. »Sônghak sipdo« (Diagrams on Sage Learning)}:
@ Wikipedia

Seosan Hyujeong, 1520-1604, {Buddhist Ch'an (Seon) ph.}:
@ Korean Buddhism,

Yi Yulgok, 1536-84, {Neo-Confucian}:
@ Wikipedia

Yi Kan, 1677-1727, {Neo-Confucian} *

Seongho Yi Ik, 1681–1763:
@ Wikipedia

Han Wônjin, 1682-1751, {Neo-Confucian} *

Tasan Chông Yagyong, 1762-1836, {Neo-Confucian reformist}:
@ Wikipedia

Ch'oe Cheu, 1824-64, {founder of Korean ph.-eclectic Tonghak religion, radical anthropotheism} *

(Ko Un), 1933------, {Seon (Zen) poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Jaegwon Kim, 1934-----, {ph. of mind, w. »Supervenience and Mind«, »Mind in a Physical World«}:
@ J. Kim Offical Site,
@ Philosophy Pages
Zadnjič spremenil Hinko_Gnito, dne 07.01.09 22:12:43, skupaj popravljeno 1 krat.

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OdgovorNapisal/-a Hinko_Gnito » 26.11.08 17:31:33

JAPANESE PHILOSOPHY


1. EARLY, CHINESE INFLUENCED AGE

(Shotoku), 6/7th.cent., {author of the first political document »The Shōtoku Constitution«}:
@ EMuseum @ Minnesota State University

Chitsu, 7th.cent., {Buddhist, transmited Abhidharma}:
@ Wikipedia

Chitatsu, 7th.cent., {Buddhist, transmited Abhidharma}:
@ Wikipedia

Dosho, 7th.cent., {Buddhist, transmited Yogacara} *

Saicho, 767-822, {founder of Buddhist school 'Tendai'}:
@ Wikipedia



2. INTELLECTUAL RULE OF BUDDHIST SCHOOLS:

------ TENDAI:
@ Wikipedia

------ SHINGON:
@ Wikipedia

------ ZEN:
@ Zen History,
@ Zen Lineages,
@ Wikipedia
------------- RINZAI (LIN-CHI):
@ Wikipedia
------------- SOTO:
@ History of Soto Zen,
@ Wikipedia
------------- OBAKU:
@ Wikipedia

------ PURE LAND (AMIDA):
@ Wikipedia

ART OF TEA DRINKING:
@ The Uranseke Foundation



Kukai [Kobo Daishi], 774-835, {founder of Buddhist school 'Shingon' and grammarian, contact with Indian monk Amoghavajara, w. »Sangoshiki « (Principles of the Three Teachings)} :
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ by Koyu Sonoda »Kukai: Fact and Legend«,
@ Wikipedia

Ennin [Jikaku Daishi], 794-864, {systematized Tendai}:
@ Wikipedia

Genshin [Eshin Sozu], 942-1017, {Tendai scholar, w. »Ojoyoshu « (Essentials of rebirth)}:
@ Wikipedia

Slika (Sei Shonagon), 966-1017, {novelist on Heian court, w. »Pillowbook«}:
@ Wikipedia

Slika Izumi Shikibu, c.974-c.1034, {poet on Heian court}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,

Slika (Murasaki Shikibu), c.978-c.1026, {novelist on Heian court, w. »The Tale of Genji«}:
@ Wikipedia

Kuya, 10th.cent., {popularized Pure Land (Amida devotion)} *

Myoan Eisai [Yosai], 1141-1215, {Rinzai (Lin-chi) Zen trained as Tendai monk, popularized the use of tea, w. »Kozen gokokuron« (Propagation of Zen for the Protection of the Nation), »Kissa yojoki« (Drink Tea and Prolong Life) }:
@ NEWSFINDER,
@ Wikipedia

Dainichi Nonin, 12th.cent, {Zen Buddhist} *

Honen Bo Genku, 1133-1212, {anti-Tendai anti-monastic Buddhist school 'Pure Land', paralleled to Martin Luther} :
@ Jodo Shu Research Institute,
@ Wikipedia

Shinran, 1173-1263, {Buddhist school 'Jodo Shinshu' or 'True Pure Land', Honen pupil}:
@ Shinran Works.,
@ Wikipedia

Koun Ejo, 1198-1280, {Soto Zen} *

-----------------------
Slika
Dogen Zenji, 1200-53, {Soto Zen Buddhist, anti-Rinzan Zen without paradoxes, Zen of everyday life, w. »Shōbōgenzō« (Treasury of the True Dharma Eye), re-discovered in 1920 by Kyoto school}:
@ sped2work,
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Poet Seers,
@ Wikipedia

Enni Ben'en, 1202-80, {Rinzai Zen, for high society}:
@ Wikipedia.de

Tettsu Gikai, 1219-1309, {Soto Zen}:
@ everything2.com

Nichiren, 1222-82, {'Lotus Sutra' Buddhist, tried to introduce historical Buddha, persecuted}:
@ Washington State University,
@ Soka Gakkai International USA,
@ Wikipedia

Lan-hsi, 13th.cent., {Chinese immigrant, Rinzai Zen} *

Ippen, 1234-1289, {'Ji' Pure Land Buddhist}:
@ jsri.jp,
@ Wikipedia

Nampo Jomyo, 1235-1308, {Rinzai Zen}:
@ Bloom Land Blogspot.com

Watarai Tsuneyoshi, 1263-1339, {Ise Shinto school}:
@ Encyclopedia of Shinto

Keizan Jokin, 1268-1325, {Soto Zen}:
@ AboutKeizan.htm

Muso Soseki, 1275-1351, {Rinzai Zen aesthetician, heavy Neo-Confucian}:
@ Japanese Gardens Forum,
@ The Mystic Poets,
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

Shuho Myocho (also Daito Kokushi), 1282-1338, {Rinzai Zen}:
@ Zen Lineages

Gasan Joseki, 14th.cent., {Soto Zen, Keizan pupil} *

Bassui Tokusho, 1327-87, {Rinzai Zen}:
@ Wikipedia

Zeami Motokiyo [Kanze Motokiyo], c.1363–c.1443, {aesthetician and playwright, w. »Atsumori«}:
@ Wikipedia

Ikkyu Sojun, 1394-1481, {anti-monastic Zen artist, calligrapher and tea master, known for burning his certificate of enlightenment}:
@ The Haiku and Poems,
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

(Noami), 1397-1471, {Zen artist}:
@ Wikipedia

(Josetsu), 1405-23, {Zen artist & Tea master}:
@ Hyper History,
@ Wikipedia

(Tensho Shubun), 1414-63, {Zen artist & Tea master, student of Josetsu}:
@ Wikipedia

Rennyo, 1415-99, {Pure Land}:
@ Shin Dharma Net,
@ Wikipedia

(Sesshu Toyo), 1420-1506, {Zen artist & Tea master}:
@ Ezra's Centaur Playground,
@ Wikipedia

(Murata Shuko), 1423-1502, {Zen artist & Tea master, pupil of Ikkyu Sojun}:
@ Wikipedia

Yoshida Kanetomo, 1435-1511, {Shinto}:
@ Encyclopedia of Shinto

(Soami), d.1525, {Zen artist & Tea master}:
@ Wikipedia

(Kitamuki Dochin), 16th.cent., {Zen artist & Tea master, teacher of Sen No Rikyu} *

(Takeno Joo), 1502-55, {Zen artist & Tea master}:
@ Omotesenke Fushin'an Foundation,
@ Wikipedia

------------------
Slika
(Sen No Rikyu), 1522-1591, {Zen artist & Tea master, synonim for good taste}:
@ YOUTUBE.COM,
@ Zen Stories of the Samurai,
@ Wikipedia

(Toyotomi Hideyoshi), 1537-98, {Zen artist & Tea master}:
@ Zen Stories of the Samurai,
@ Wikipedia


3. NEOCONFUCIAN INTELLECTUAL RULE DURING TOKUGAWA PERIOD:
@ Washington State University


Fujiwara Seika, 1561-1619, {Neo-Confucian}:
@ Washington State University,
@ Wikipedia

Suzuki Shosan, 1579-1655, {Zen samurai}:
@ The History and Life of Suzuki Shósan by Anthony M. Wen,
@ Wikipedia

Takuan Soho, 1573-1645, {Rinzai Zen, hight of fusion between samurai culture and Zen}:
@ Zen Stories of the Samurai,
@ Wikipedia

Hayashi Razan, 1583-1657, {mixed Neoconfucian-Shinto, still Chu Hsi dominated: li as the way of kami, pupil of Fujiwara Seika, in 18th century hailed to state shrine}:
@ Washington State University,
@ Encyclopedia of Shinto,
@ Wikipedia

------------------
Slika
(Miyamoto Musashi), c.1584–1645, {samurai katana master, w. »A Book of Five Rings«}:
@ Lucidcafé Library,
@ Wikipedia

Shido Munan, 1603-76, {Rinzai Zen} *

Nakae Toju, 1608-48, {Neo-Confucian of Wang Yang-Ming ('Yomei') idealist line}:
@ Wikipedia

Kumazawa Banzan, 1610-91, {samurai Neo-Confucian of Wang Yang-Ming ('Yomei') school, pupil of Nakae Toju, eclectic idaelist, but pragmatic}:
@ Washington State University,
@ Encyclopedia Britannica,
@ Wikipedia

Hoshina Masayuki, Lord of Aizu, 1611-73, {Neo-Confucian}:
@ Wikipedia

Yoshikawa Koretaru, 1616-94, {Shinto, syncretized with Neo-Confucian, 'kami' as 'li'}:
@ Britannica Online

Hayashi Gaho, 1618-88, {Neo-Confucian ph. and poet, son of Hayashi Razan}
@ Wikipedia

Yamazaki Ansai, 1619-82, {Confucian-Shinto moral rigorist, former Zen monk and contra Zen aesthetianism, with revived Chinese Sung sage cult he tried torefolmulate Shinto, w. »Suika Shinto«, »Yoshida Shinto«}:
@ Encyclopedia of Shinto,
@ Wikipedia

Bankei Yotaku, 1622-93, {Rinzai Zen, also Confucian}:
@ Enlightened Spirituality.org,
@ Wikipedia

Yamaga Soko, 1622-1685, {'Ancient Learning' Confucian reformist military strategist critical to old Chinese sages, student of Hayashi Razan, main influence on Bushido}:
@ Washington State University,
@ Wikipedia

Ito Jinsai, 1627-1705, {'Ancient Learning' Confucian, shift to original texts, 'li' is posterior to 'chi'}:
@ Wikipedia

Kaibara Ekken, 1630-1714, {popularisator of Neo-Confiucianism}:
@ Washington State University,
@ bookrags.com,
@ Wikipedia

Tetsugen Doko, 1630-82, {Obaku Zen Buddhist}:
@ Shabkar.org,
@ Wikipedia

(Matsuo Basho), 1644-94, {haiku poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

(Oishi Yoshio), early 18.cent, {expeled samurai leader of legendary 47 ronin, pupil of bushido theorist Yamaga Soko}:
@ Wikipedia

Arai Hakuseki, 1657-1725, {secular Confucian 'Ancient Learning' school revisionist}:
@ Wikipedia

Yamamoto Tsunetomo, 1659-1719, {samurai, bushido theorist, zen buddhist, w. »Hagakure« (Hidden behind the Leaves)}:
Wikipedia

Ogyu Sorai, 1666-1728, {secular and rationalist Confucian of 'Ancient Learning' school, contra old Confucian schools, pro-physiocratic economist, pragmatic merchant intellectual}:
@ Encyclopedia Britannica,
@ Wikipedia

Kada no Azumamaro, 1669-1736, {Neo-Shinto 'National Learning' ('kokugaku'), court poet, distancing from Neo-Confucianism}:
@ Encyclopedia of Shinto,
@ Wikipedia

Dazai Shundai, 1680-1747, {Buddhist - Neo-Confucian syncretist, Ogyu Sorai chief disciple, pro-mercantilist economist, merchant intellectual}:
@ The Journal of Asian Studies

Ishida Baigan, 1685-1744, {Buddhist-Shinto-Confucian syncretist, Shigaku movement}:
@ Encyclopedia of Shinto
-----------------
Slika
Hakuin Ekaku, 1686-1769, {last famous pre-modern Rinzai Zen master, 'One-clap-hand' koan}:
@ Newsfinder.org,
@ Onelittleangel.com,
@ Terebess.hu,
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Zen Paintings.com,
@ Wikipedia

Hori Keizan, 1688-1757, {Neo-Confucian teacher of Motoori Norinaga, deconstruction of 'li'} *

Kamo Mabuchi, 1697-1769, {Neo-Shinto, court poet, complete anti-Confucian}:
@ Encyclopedia of Shinto,
@ Wikipedia

Ando Shoeki, 1703-62, {Confucian kigaku (chi'i) naturalist, pro-Enlighted critic of feudal social stratification}:
@ Wikipedia

Tominaga Nakamoto, 1715-46, {anti-Confucian philologist critic, merchant intellectual, sceptic}:
@ CAT.INIST

Goi Ranju, 18th.cent., {pro-Enlighted Confucian empiricist, merchant intellectual} *

Miura Baien [Baiyen], 1723-89, {pro-Enlighted Confucian, onthologist}:
@ Washington State University,
@ Concerning Baien Miura and 'Reply to Taga'

Nakai Chikuzan, 1730-1804, {pro-Enlighted Confucian economist and historian}:
@ Wikipedia

----------------------
Slika
Motoori Norinaga, 1730-1801, {Neo-Shintoist philologist and scholar of ancient Shinto writings, edited »Kojiki« (Records of Ancient Matters), 'kami' as prototype of Otto's 'holy'}:
@ Encyclopedia of Shinto,
@ Washington State University,
@ Norinaga Kinenkan.com,
@ japan-101.com,
@ Wikipedia

Yamagata Banto, 1747-1821, {astronomer, merchant intellectual} *

Kaiho Seiryo, 1755-1817, {Confucian proto-Marxist economist and sociologist, 'li' as excange value, merchant intellectual}:
@ Washington State University

Taigu Ryokan, 1758-1831, {Soto Zen outsider}:
@ Poet Seers,
@ Wikipedia

(Kobayashi Issa), 1763-1828, {haiku poet}:
@ Poetry Chaikhana

Hirata Atsutane, 1776-1843, {Neo-Shinto National Learning, anti-syncretist conservative}:
@ Encyclopedia of Shinto,
@ Wikipedia

Okuni Takamasa, 1792-1871, { Scholar of National Learning, disciple of Hirata Atsutane }:
@ Encyclopedia of Shinto

(Hagiwara Hiromichi), 1815-1863, {philologist, w. »Genji monogatari hyōshaku« (An Appraisal of Genji)}:
@ Wikipedia

RANGAKU or SCHOOL OF DUTCH LEARNING:
@ Wikipedia




4. MEIJI RESTAURATION WITH WESTERNIZATION



History Philosophy Informative:
1871: all Confucian schools are abolished in favor of Western education;
1877: Tokyo University founded;
1882: Waseda University founded;
1897: Kyoto University founded;



KYOTO SCHOOL OF PHILOSOPHY:
@ Akshin Web,
@ Wikipedia


Nishi Amane, 1829-97, {importer of European ph. into Japan, philosophy as 'tetsugaku'}:
@ National Diet Library, Japan,
@ Wikipedia

Inoue Tetsujiro, 1856-1944, {first Japanese to hold ph. chait at Tokyo Uni., Hegel influence on Shinto conservative}:
@ National Diet Library, Japan,
@ Wikipedia

------------------
Slika
Nishida Kitaro, 1870-1945, {Japan's first modern ph., leader of Kyoto School, proponent of dialectical logic (from noumena) combined through Nagarjuna's nothingness}:
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Identity and the unity of experience: A critique of Nishida's theory of self by Putney, David,
@ University of California Press,
@ Poetry Chaikhana,
@ Wikipedia

--------------------
Slika
Daisetz Suzuki, 1870-1966, {creative Zen exporter, heavy advaita influenced, w. »An Introduction to Zen Buddhism«}:
@ World Haiku Review,
@ David Cogswell.com,
@ Sacred Texts,
@ Wikipedia

Hatano Seiichi, 1877-1950, {Kyoto School eclectic Neo-Kantian}:
@ Wikipedia

Kita Ikki, 1883-1937, {ultra-nationalist political ph.}:
@ Wikipedia

Tanabe Hajime, 1885-1962, {Kyoto School, Nishida Kitaro and Husserl student, proponent of dialectical logic, w. »Philosophy as Metanoetics«}:
@ Myoko-in Temple,
@ Wikipedia

Kuki Shuzo, 1888-1941, {Cross-cultural ph., influenced by hermeneutical ontology and phenomenology}:
@ Find Articles.com,
@ Wikipedia

Watsuji Tetsuro, 1889-1960, {Kyoto School, reviving interest in Dogen, influenced by Kierkegaard and Nietsche}:
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
@ Wikipedia

Shinichi Hisamatsu, 1889–1980, {Zen Buddhist ph., Kyoto school, student of Nishida Kitaro, w. »An Inquiry into the Good«}:
@ Wikipedia

Miki Kiyoshi, 1897-1945, {Kyoto School, student of Rickert and Heidegger, Marxist ph.} :
@ Wikipedia

Nishitani Keiji, 1900-91, {leader of 2nd generation of Kyoto School, Nishida's pupil, student of Heidegger, influenced by Western mystics (Plotinus, Eriugena, Eckhart, Boehme, Cusanus), w. »Religion and Nothingness«}:
@ Wikipedia

Shunryu Suzuki, 1905 – 197, {Soto Zen master}:
@ Wikipedia

Masao Abe, 1915-2006, {Kyoto School, w. »Buddhism and Interfaith Dialogue«}:
@ Wikipedia

(Abe Kobo), 1924–93, {novelist of magic realism, social critic}:
@ horagai.com,
@ Kirjasto Author’s Calendar

Ueda Shizuteru, 1926------, {Kyoto School}:
@ Wikipedia

Kojin Karatani, 1941------:
@ Wikipedia
-
Zadnjič spremenil Hinko_Gnito, dne 28.11.09 17:16:09, skupaj popravljeno 5 krat.

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OdgovorNapisal/-a Hinko_Gnito » 26.11.08 17:33:06

AFRICAN PHILOSOPHY:
@ Ontology. A Resource Guide for Philosophers,
@ Forum for Intercultural Philosophy,
@ Sacred Texts

ETHNOPHILOSOPHY:

AKAN (west Africa):
@ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

BANTU:
@ Humanistic Texts

SAN:
@ Humanistic Texts

YORUBA:
@ Yourba Spiritual System and Philosophy,
@ University of Ibadan
@ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ori_(Yoruba)

*******************************

ETHIOPIAN PHILOSOPHY:

Zera Yacob, 17th. cent, {Ethiopian deist(?) ph.}:
@ Wikipedia

Walda Heywat, 18th.cent., {student of Zera Yacob}:
@ Wikipedia

Tekle Hawariat Tekle Mariyam, b.1881-194?, {'Japanizer' constitutionalist and diplomat}:
@ Wikipedia

Blattengeta Heruy Welde Sellase, 1878-1938, {'Japanizer' constitutionalist and political ph., w. »Mahidere Birhan: Hagre Japan« (The Document of Japan)}:
@ Wikipedia

Hama Tuma, 1949------, {political critic and writer, w. »African Absurdities: Politically Incorrect Articles«}:
@ African Market


*******************************

MODERN AFRICAN AND TO AFRICA RELATED PHILOSOPHERS

Anton Wilhelm Amo, c.1703-56, {first European-trained African ph., Wolffian} :
@ Kirjasto Author’s Calendar,
@ Wikipedia

Edward Wilmot Blyden, 1832-1912, {Liberian Pan-Africanist}:
@ Wikipedia,

(W.E.B. DuBois), 1868-1963, {Afro-American historian, sociologist and peace activist}:
@ Lucidcafé Library,
@ The Informal Education Page,
@ Wikipedia

(Marcus Garvey), 1887-1940, {Afro-American black nationalist leader, »Back to Africa!«}:
@ Marcus Garvey.com,
@ New Religious Movements,
@ Wikipedia


AFRICAN »PHILOSOPHER-KINGS« OF POST-COLONIAL PERIOD

Jomo Kenyatta, c.1889-1978, {Kenyan-Kikuyu tribe politician and anthropologist, student of B. Malinowski, w. »Facing Mount Kenya«}:
@ Wikipedia

Leopold Senghor, 1906-2001, {Senegalian socialist politician, poet and philosopher, multicultural thinker, concept of 'négritude', w. »Négritude and Humanism«}:
@ Kirjasto Author’s Calendar,
@ Wikipedia

Placide Frans Tempels, 1906–1977, {Belgian missionary and proponent of ethno-philosophy, w. »Bantu Philosophy«}
@ Wikipedia

Kwame Nkrumah, 1909-72, {Ghanian politician and philosopher}:
@ Wikipedia

Léon-Gontran Damas, 1912-78, {French Guiana 'negritude' activist}:
@ Wikipedia

Aimé Césaire, 1913-2008, {Martinican poet and politician, founder of 'négritude', w. poem »Return to My Native Land«}:
@ Kirjasto Author’s Calendar,
@ Wikipedia

Nelson Mandela, 1918-2002, {South African peace activist and politician}:
@ Nobel Prize,
@ Wikipedia

Julius Nyerere, 1922-99, {Tanzanian politician, proponent of rural socialism, Swahili intelectual}:
@ Wikipedia

Cheikh Anta Diop, 1923-86, {Senegalese race theorist, w. »The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality«}:
@ Wikipedia

Amilcar Cabral, 1924-73, {Guinea Bissau political leader and Marxist ph., w. »The Weapon of Theory«}:
@ Wikipedia

Kenneth Kaunda, 1924-----, {Zambian polician}:
@ Wikipedia

-----------------
Slika
Franz Fanon, 1925-61, {Francophone political ph., w. »Black Skin, White Masks«}:
@ Postcolonial Studies at Emory,
@ Marxists Archive,
@ Kirjasto Author’s Calendar,
@ Wikipedia

Patrice Lumumba, 1925-61, {Belgian-Kongo Marxist freedom fighter, influenced by ideas of Sartre}:
@ Wikipedia



EX-COLONIZED AFRICANS:

Kwasi Wiredu, 1931------, {Ghanian ph., w. »Philosophy and an African Culture«}
@ Wikipedia

Kwame Gyekye, 1939-----, {Ghanaian ph., w. »The Unexamined Life: Philosophy and the African Experience«}:
@ Wikipedia

Paulin Hountondji, 1942------, {Beninese ph., anti-etnophilosopher, student of Althusser and Derrieda}
@ Wikipedia

Kwame Anthony Appiah, 1954------, {Ghanian linguist and political ph.}:
@ Princeton University P ress,
@ Wikipedia


×××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××



Pre-modern Philosophy of American continent

INUIT:
@ Humanistic Texts

IROQUOIS:
Deganawidah:
@ Humanistic Texts


MEZZO AMERICA:

AZTECS @ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Florentine Codex @ World Digital Library

Topiltzin, 10th. cent, {mythologised Toltec ruler in pre-Columbian Mezzo American oral tradition, Prometheus alike figure}:
@ Wikipedia

anonim. author of »Debate of the Twelve ('Coloquio de los Doce')«, dated 1524:
@ Wikipedia

Nezahualcoyotl, 1402-1472, {Texcoco philosopher-king, Aztec poet}:
@ NNDB biographies

»Popol Vuh«, 16th. cent.,{contains Mayan creation myth}:
@ Wikipedia



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